by Sarah Kline: The Gunas are three basic characteristics that are present in all things to varying degrees…
They are present in our psychology and physiology as well as in the foods we eat, the media we consume and everything else we interact with. The concept of the Gunas comes from the Bhagavad Gita, a core Hindu text. The three gunas are tamas (dullness), rajas (passion) and sattva (goodness).
The properties of each guna
Tamas is characterized by inertia, lethargy, helplessness and depression. You may notice a tamasic energy in yourself when you feel a deep attachment or addiction to someone or something. Or perhaps when you are feeling disinterested and apathetic about things you once enjoyed. Confusion and doubt are also tamasic properties.
Rajas is characterized by extreme emotions, restlessness and anxiety. You may notice a rajasic energy within yourself when you have such determination that you use force to achieve the end goal. If you experience chaos in any part of your life, that is rajasic energy. Rumination and fear are also properties of rajas.
Sattva is characterized by harmony, trust and gratitude. You may notice a sattvic energy when you feel calm, fulfilled and present. When you feel in control of yourself and your circumstances, without being controlling, that is sattvic energy. Freedom, love and happiness are also sattvic properties. Being in the sattvic state is being “in the flow.”